The Best Photography Tips For Beginner Photographers

Meta Reviews The Best Macro Photography Tips For Beginner Photographers

The Best Macro Photography Tips

Macro Photography and Close-Up Photoraphy – In this section of Photography Tips and Techniques, Meta Explains The Best Macro Photography Tips For Beginner Photographers. Macro Photography involves getting really close to an object, often only a few inches away, and shooting using two Special Sony Macro Lens that can zoom to 1:1, either a Sony 50mm f/2.8 Macro Lens or a Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro Lens. As you will soon discover, Macro Photography isn’t that easy, but adding Extra Light is the key to getting a wider Depth of Field at a Smaller Aperture (More of the Subject In Focus).

Where To Buy The Best Macro Photography Books

Meta’s Macro Photography Tips and Techniques

Macro Photography
Macro Photography – 100mm Lens – f/22

The Best Macro Photography Tips

Macro Photography Lenses – Meta uses her Sony 50mm f/2.8 Macro Lens for the Bee, but she uses her Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro Lens for the Bee’s Face (Photo: Left). Both Sony Macro Lenses can Zoom to 1:1 magnification. Meta uses Manual Focus for most of her Macro Photography.

Depth of Field Issues – Achieving a Wide Depth of Field (The Area of the Subject In Focus) is the biggest challenge in all Macro Photography. You’ll need to stop down your Aperture to about f/16 to f/22 to Widen your Depth of Field.

Avoid Very Smaller Apertures of f/32 or higher, which will produce a Wider Depth of Field, but also introduce Diffraction and Blurriness.

Using Smaller Apertures often require some Sharpening or Structure in Post Production.

The Depth of Field reduces as your lens magnification increases towards 1:1, which makes the Sony 50mm f/2.8 Macro Lens easier to use than the Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro Lens.

Lighting Issues – Shooting with a Small Aperture, like f/16 to f/22 will require more light and a higher ISO (ISO 200 to ISO 800). Meta uses Auto ISO which is limited to ISO 800. Added light can be from a Reflector (Natural Sunlight is Always Best), a Diffused Flash Unit or from a Bright LED Light.

Sony HVL-F43M Flash Unit – Use a Top Mounted Controller Flash mounted on the Sony Camera, with a Flash Diffuser.

Bright LED Light – Use an External LED Light mounted on a Mini Tripod for Macro Photography works very well to Widen your Depth of Field at Smaller Apertures. Adding extra light also helps keep your ISO lower to avoid any added sensor noise.

Silver/Gold Reflector Disc – For Macro Photography, this ProMaster Compact 12” Reflector (Model #3822) can direct White or Gold Natural Sunlight onto your Macro Subject. Can also be used as a small wind block. Folds up into a 5” compact pouch.

Translucent Filter Disc – For Macro Photography, this ProMaster Compact 12” Translucent Disc (Model #4326) can be used to diffuse light and enhance details in bright areas for more dramatic photos, especially under direct sunlight. The Translucent Filter Disc is one of the most important Macro Photography Accessories, but often under used. Folds up into a 5” compact pouch.

You can also use PC Remote Control to Tether the Sony Camera to your iPhone, iPad or MacBook for Remote Control and Viewing.

The Focal Plane Mark – Φ – This circular mark with a vertical line through it is located on the back of your Camera (Photo: Left Highlighted in Yellow). The Φ mark indicates exactly where the sensor plane is located inside your Camera. In Macro Photography, the Minimum Focus Distance (MFD) of a Macro Lens is measured from the Focal Plane Mark (FPM) to the Macro Subject. If you’re inside this area, you’re too close!

Example: Meta’s Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro Lens has a Minimum Focus Distance of 35cm, and her Sony 50mm f/2.8 Macro Lens has a Minimum Focus Distance of 16cm, both of which are measured from the Macro Subject to the Focal Plane Mark Φ and not from the Macro Subject to the End of the Lens.

View Meta’s Macro Photography Photos

Lightweight Tripod with Short Center Column – This tripod can sit about 8” above the ground, with the legs spread out flat. This Lightweight Tripod setup is perfect for Macro Photography and Wildflower Photography.

Sturdy Monopod – A Monopod is often easier to use on Remote Mountain Hiking Trails, and can also double as a hiking stick. This works where a Sturdy Tripod is just too heavy to carry, or won’t fit into tight situations.

Special Macro Lenses – Special 1:1 Macro Lenses are required for Macro Photography. Meta uses her Sony 50mm f/2.8 Macro Lens and her Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro Lens for Macro Photography.

Meta’s Macro Photography Sony Camera Settings

Camera: Sony a77 II Camera
Macro Lenses: Sony 50mm f/2.8 Macro or Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro
Camera Mode: Manual Mode
Tripod: Lightweight Tripod fitted with a Short Center Column
Focus: Manual Focus with Peaking Color Turned On
ISO: Auto (Maximum Range limited to ISO 800)
Shutter Speed – 1/250th of a Second – Bump up to 1/1000th of a second for Flying Insects
Aperture: f/16 to f/22 (Widest Depth of Field)
Drive Mode: Continuous Shooting: Hi
Filter: UV
Extra Lightning: Reflector, Diffused Flash Unit or Bright LED Light

What’s Inside Meta’s Macro Photography Field Kit

Meta’s Macro Photography Field Kit attaches to the back of her Camera Bag. This Modular Configuration is used only for her Macro Photography and contains:
• 1 Classic Kids Scissors – To Trim Grass around Subjects
• 4 Small Leak Proof Spray Water Bottles – For that Morning Dew Effect
• 1 Camo Bandana – For Nature Looking Blurred Backgrounds
• 2 Bright LED Lights
• 2 Mini Tripods – Use as a Light Stands to Widen Depth of Field
• 1 ProMaster 12” Silver/Gold Reflector #3822 – Reflects Sunlight / Wind Block
• 1 ProMaster 12” Translucent Disc #4326 – Diffuses Light for Better Details and Colors

Photography TipsShooting Macro Photography isn’t easy. Achieving a Wide Depth of Field will be your biggest issue. In order to push the f/stop higher, you’ll need more light. Adding some Bright LED Lights on Mini Tripods will make a huge difference in your Macro Photography and Increase Your Depth of Field.

Meta Reviews The Best Macro Photography Books

Macro Photography - Tiny Landscapes

Macro Photography - Tiny Landscapes

– Mike Moats

This is a book for the new to advanced macro nature photographer. It’s a simple and easy to read guide to the equipment, camera functions, composition, techniques, and tips. Contains many images, plus information about the subject, time of year and the environment it was shot in. The thought process of the composition and tips on where to find interesting subjects in nature.
The Complete Guide to Macro and Close-Up Photography

The Complete Guide to Macro and Close-Up Photography

– Cyrill Harnischmacher

This book also offers insights about macro photo composition, discussing light, color, camera position, and focus. With more than 600 images and figures illustrating the various ways readers can document the world of the infinitesimal, this book is not only a technical guide, but also a source of inspiration giving readers ideas to run with and make their own. Finally, this book also includes do-it-yourself projects, offering solutions both for everyday shooting as well as for dealing with specific situations unique to macro photography and close-up photography.
Close-Up and Macro Photography: Art and Techniques

Close-Up and Macro Photography: Art and Techniques

– John Humphrey

High magnification Photography or Macro Photography and Close-Up Photography is immensely exciting and rewarding. Through the close up lens, everyday objects produce striking images, and small creatures show amazing detail that usually goes unnoticed.
Close-Up Photography in Nature

Close-Up Photography in Nature

– John and Barbara Gerlach

Capturing the grandeur of landscapes or mood of a certain natural light is challenging but often the simple details of a texture or color evade photographers most of all. Learn the tips and techniques necessary to successfully photograph the beauty all around you.
Macro Photography

Macro Photography

– Alan L. Detrick

Macro Photography for Gardeners and Nature Lovers provides exactly the information that aspiring nature photographers, no matter their level of skill, need to take their nature photos to the next level.
Extreme Macro

Extreme Macro – The Art of Patience

– John Kimbler

A tabletop book on above life size Macro Photography with tips and tricks on how to take the images. Included is the image that won the Digital Photographer Magazine’s Macro Photographer of the Year in 2009.
Close Ups In Nature

Close-Ups In Nature

– John Shaw

One of the country’s foremost nature photographers offers close up techniques and covers exposure, equipment and composition along with special equipment and lenses.

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Photography Tips For Beginner Photographers
The Best Photography Tips For Beginner Photographers

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Photography Tips and Techniques
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PO Box 1571
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Western North Carolina Nature Photography was shot by Western North Carolina Nature Photographer Meta Gätschenberger.
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