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Close-Up and Macro Photography: Art and Techniques
Close Up Photography in Nature
Macro Photography: From Snapshots to Great Shots
Extreme Close-Up Photography and Focus Stacking
Macro Photography
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Time Lapse Photography – Learn How To Make Time Lapse Videos

Digital Photography For Sale Photos by Meta
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Meta’s Camera Settings – Base

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographyTime Lapse Base Photography: Recommended Photography Settings used in my Time Lapse Standard Photography Video.

All of my Time Lapse Videos were shot with a Sony Alpha 65 Camera and a Sony Alpha Lens. An Energizer Intervalometer was used to control the Camera’s Shutter Release. An Intervalometer controls the start delay, duration of shots and the number of shots taken and is an essential part of the Time Lapse Equipment required.

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographySometimes I extend the length of the Intervalometer Cable by adding 1 Meter Extension Cables or 5 Meter Extension Cables.


Sony 16–50mm f/2.8 Zoom Lens

Sony 16–50mm Zoom Lens

Intervalometer – Must Have Remote Camera Trigger.
• You MUST use a very solid Tripod.
• Use Manual Mode M – Verify the Exposure is Correct.
• Manual Focus with Peaking Color set it to Yellow.
• f/8 is a good Starting Point.
• ISO 100.
• FN – DRO Auto: On
• FN – Creative Style: Vivid
• 1/125 Shutter Speed.
• Filter: 77mm ND Filter or 77mm Circular Polarizer.
• Image Size: Small for 1920x1080 HD Video Output.
• Aspect Ratio: 16:9 HD Video Size.
Intervalometer: 1 Shot every 2–3 seconds (30 shots per minute to 20 shots per minute). I use 30 fps for Hi-Res.
• Once Setup, Shut the Camera’s LCD to save Power and Protect LCD.
• Moisture – Check the local weather forecast for rain. Cover Camera.
• Heat – Protect Camera from Direct Sun that can Overheat the Camera.
• Video Production Software: QuickTime Pro 7 (available for Mac and Windows for $35).

Remember to reset the camera settings back to the standard settings after use.

Intervalometer runs on 2 AAA Lithium Batteries.
Energizer Intervalometer

Meta’s Camera Settings – Macro

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographyTime Lapse Macro Photography: Recommended Macro Photography Settings my Time Lapse Macro Photography Video.

An Energizer Intervalometer is used to control the Shutter Release. The Intervalometer controls the start delay, duration of shots and the number of shots taken. An Intervalometer is a must have device for any type Time Lapse Photography.

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographySometimes I extend the length of the Intervalometer Cable by adding 1 Meter Extension Cables or 5 Meter Extension Cables.

Sony 100mm f/2.8 Macro Lens

Sony 50mm Lens or Sony 100mm Lens

Intervalometer – Automated Camera Trigger.
• You MUST use a very solid Tripod.
• Use Manual Mode M – Verify the Exposure is Correct.
• Manual Focus with Peaking Color set it to Yellow.
• f/16 or higher is a good Starting Point.
• ISO 3200.
• FN – DRO Auto: On.
• FN – Creative Style: Vivid.
• 1/125 Shutter Speed.
• Filter: 55mm ND Filter or 55mm Circular Polarizer.
• Image Size: Small for 1920x1080 HD Video Output.
• Aspect Ratio: 16:9 HD Video Size.
• Use a LED Ring Light set to Flash – Not to Light Mode.
Remote Power Supply – This can take all day and the Camera Battery might not last that long.
Intervalometer: 1 Shot every 1 minute for slow Opening Flowers. I use 60 fps for Hi-Res.
• Once Setup, Shut the Camera’s LCD to save Power and Protect LCD.
• Moisture – Check the local weather forecast for rain. Cover Camera.
• Heat – Protect Camera from Direct Sun that can Overheat the Camera.
• Video Production Software: QuickTime Pro 7 (available for Mac and Windows for $35).

Remember to reset the camera settings back to the standard settings after use.

Intervalometer runs on 2 AAA Lithium Batteries.
Energizer Intervalometer

Intervalometer Calculator – Setup

Time Lapse Macro Photography

Shot much slower at 1 shot every minute (Intervalometer Setting) at 60fps for Super Hi-Res Quality.

Time Lapse Standard Photography

Shot at 1 shot every 2 seconds (Intervalometer Setting) 30 Shots per Minute at 30 fps for Standard Quality.

Camera Battery Life

For the Standard Time Lapse Photography Example, I shot 5,400 Images (60 x 60 x 1.5) over 1.5 hours, at 1 shot per second, to get a smooth flow of 3 minutes of Final Video at 30 fps. The Camera Battery Life was about 1.5 hours using a Sony Alpha Camera Battery. I had the camera covered up using a 3X Mossy Oak T-Shirt, from the direct sunlight, but even at the 1 mile high elevation, it was still pretty warm out. The Intervalometer was still running fine on two Energizer Lithium AAA Lithium Batteries. If you plan on taking longer than 1.5 hour Time Lapse Photos, you might want to use a Remote Power Supply, and attach it to an AC Power Supply. Closing the LCD Monitor will also help save power.

Intervalometer Calculator – Final Video Length

Video Length of the Time Lapse Video

This is the first thing you need to decide on. 10 seconds, 20 seconds and 30 seconds are common Time Lapse Video Lengths for Macro Photography. Multiply the Video Length x 30 fps to determine the Number of Shots Required. Divide the Number of Shots Required by the Shots per Minute, as set by the Intervalometer, to determine the Shooting Time in Minutes.

Super Hi-Res Shooting Time (m) = (Video Length (s) x 30) / Shots per Minute)

Intervalometer Calculator – How to Determine The Shooting Time

Time Lapse Macro Photography Calculator Example

A 10 Second Video at 60 fps Super Hi-Res Quality will require (10 x 60) or 600 Total Shots. Set the Intervalometer for 1 Shot every minute. This will require 600 Total Shots divided by 1 Shot per Minute (600 / 1 = 600) or 600 minutes or 10 Hours of Shooting Time. Plan on this being an all day activity.

Super Hi-Res Shooting Time (m) = (Video Length (s) x 60) / Shots per minute)
(10 x 60) / 1 = 600 minutes = 10 Hours at 60 fps Super Hi-Res Quality

Time Lapse Standard Photography Calculator Example

A 60 Second Video at 30 fps Standard Quality will require (60 x 30) or 1800 Total Shots. Set the Intervalometer for 1 Shot every 2 seconds or 30 shots per minute. This will require 1800 Total Shots divided by 30 Shots per Minute (1800 / 30 = 60) or 60 minutes or 1 Hour of Shooting Time. If you end up shooting too many frames, and the video is too smooth, you can always drop out half the frames. Bring a chair and something to read.

Standard Shooting Time (m) = (Video Length (s) x 30) / Shots per minute)
(60 x 30) / 30 = 60 minutes = 1 Hours at 30 fps Standard Quality
SanDisk Extreme Pro SD Cards

Meta’s Post Production Techniques

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographyFor Post Production Software, I use QuickTime Pro 7 (Mac and Windows for $35). This is very simple and easy to use.

1) Once you have a few thousand or so 3008x1688 images taken, transfer all of the Time Lapse Camera images from the camera into a Folder called “Time Lapse Images”.

2) Launch QuickTime Pro 7.

3) Select File: Open Sequence – Select the “Time Lapse Images” Folder of Images.

4) QuickTime Pro will ask you to select a Frame Rate. It is important to select the correct frame rate at this point. I have good Luck with 24 fps to 30 fps. Selecting 30 fps will slow down the action if 24 fps is too fast. Anything below 24 fps will be too choppy.

Apple iMac 20 Inch Computer
5) Once all the images have loaded into your Computer, QuickTime Pro (wait one minute), select File: Save and name it “Time-Lapse.mov”. The imported files are still too large (3008x1688) to use for HD Video and will need to be Exported and Resized down for HD Video Format, for either 720p or 1080p format.

6) Select File Export and select 1280x720 or 1920x1080 size, depending on the HD quality you want. No Cropping needed as the video were already shot in 16:9 format. Name the Export “Time-Lapse-Final.mov”. This Final Silent Video file can now be uploaded to YouTube or Vimeo.

7) If you want to add Music to the Final Video (Adds More Interest), now is the time to do it. It works better if you trim the Video Length to match the Music Length, so they start and stop perfectly in sync. Open the mp3 Music File in QuickTime Pro, Select All and Copy. Switch to the Final Movie File, and Select “Add To Movie”. Trim the Final Video Length if needed to match the Music Length. Play. Save File. The Final Music Video file can now be uploaded.
Sony 70–200 Telephoto Zoom Lens

Meta’s Photography Field Gear

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographyPreparation is everything in Time Lapse Photography. Everytime I venture out, I always have a purpose and the proper equipment, camera lenses and camera settings. Unlike some Time Lapse Photographers, I don’t carry everything that I own in my backpack. I try to travel very light!

Meta’s Time Lapse Field Gear

Sony Alpha 65
• Spare Sony Alpha Camera Battery
• Spare SanDisk Extreme Pro SD Card
Sony 16–50mm f/2.8 Zoom Lens
Sony 70–200mm f/2.8 Telephoto Lens
Slik Pro 700DX Tripod
Zeiss Pre-Moistened Lens Cleaning Wipes
Digital Holster Bag 20
Energizer Intervalometer Remote Trigger
Little Stuff It Pouch
• 4 Energizer AAA Lithium Batteries

Think Tank Photo Digital Holster Bag 20

Meta’s Field Transport Gear

The Energizer Intervalometer Remote Trigger fits perfectly into the Little Stuff It Pouch which connects to the back side of the Digital Holster Bag 20 bag. In the Little Stuff It Pouch I also carry 4 Energizer AAA Lithium Batteries. I also carry a fold out chair, as this takes over an hour to shoot.

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital PhotographyWhen shooting long Time Lapse Photography, I always put a new pair of Energizer AAA Lithium Batteries in the Intervalometer.

Meta’s Hard To Find 3:2 Aspect Ratio Frames

3:2 Aspect Ratio Frames with Mat

3:2 Aspect Ratio Frames with Mat

Most 24 Mega Pixel Sony Digital Cameras shoot 6000x4000 Pixel Images, but there are very few 3:2 Aspect Ratio Frames with Mats on the market. My printer prints my photographs on 13“x19“ photograph paper which fit perfectly into this 13“x19“ frame with 11”x17” mat opening when output at 345 dpi. These are high quality frames with a beautiful black lined mat.

Purchase Nature Photos by Meta

Contact Meta Gatschenberger

Macro Photography – Close Up Photography – Digital Photography – Macro Photography Training Classes – Photos by Meta

Photos by Meta

PO Box 1232
Blowing Rock, NC 28605
Contact Meta Gatschenberger


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